It causes damage to the liver tissues producing liver rot in all sheep breeding areas of the world. The life cycle, transmission, morphology, clinical presentation, and treatment of the f. Epidemiology and impact of fasciola hepatica exposure in. This is usually done by finding fasciola eggs in stool fecal specimens examined under a microscope. Fasciolasis hepatica revistas electronicas uach universidad. Fascioliasis, revision clinicoepidemiologica y diagnostico. To complete its life cycle, this trematode needs an intermediate host, represented by a mollusk from lymnaeidae family. It affects humans, but its main host is ruminants such as cattle and sheep. Its diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion because of the polymorphism in its presentation.
Abstract fasciola hepatica is a common parasite among herbivores and less frequent. It is known as the common liver fluke and causes a disease called fascioliasis. Fasciola hepaticaepidemiologia, diagnostico, tratamiento. More than one specimen may need to be examined to find the parasite. Fasciola, lymnaeids and human fascioliasis, with a global overview on disease transmission, epidemiology, evolutionary genetics, molecular epidemiology and control. Fasciola hepatica simple english wikipedia, the free. It has been classified as a neglected tropical disease. The disease caused by the fluke is called fascioliasis. Dpdx the standard way to be sure a person is infected with fasciola is by seeing the parasite. Humans are accidental hosts in the life cycle of this parasite. The fasciola hepatica is a parasite from the class trematoda of the order digenea, which maintains a wide distribution worldwide.
The liver fluke fasciola hepatica is a trematode parasite with a worldwide distribution and is the cause of important production losses in the dairy industry. Fasciola hepatica an overview sciencedirect topics. In acute cases, serological reactions as immunoblothing or. The lesions mainly are presents in the liver and the clinical symptomatology is. Pdf infeccion por fasciola hepatica y fasciolosis fasciola. Fasciola hepatica in ruminants digestive system merck.
The grass contaminated with feces is the main source of transmission, with snails acting as an essential part of the biological cycle. It is a parasitic trematode fluke or flatworm in the phylum platyhelminthes it infects the livers of various mammals, including humans. Fasciola hepatica the liver fluke fasciola hepatica is a common fluke found in the liver and bile ducts of cattle, sheep, goat, pig, rabbit, dog etc. Medicina veterinaria abstract the fasciolose is a disease of great veterinary importance for causing high economical losses, due to the condemnation of great number of livers and carcasses of animals in the slaughterhouses. The fascioliasis is a parasitic infection caused by tremadotes of fasciola genre and the more frequent species is fasciola hepatica which is distributed in all continents and to infecting many mammals, including the man. Human fascioliasis is a zoonosis caused by fasciola hepatica f. The definite hosts of fasciola hepatica are sheeps, cows, and humans. The intermediate host is a hermaphroditic lymnaeid snail major sources of human. Fasciola hepatica, also known as the common liver fluke or sheep liver fluke, is a parasitic trematode fluke or flatworm, a type of helminth of the class trematoda, phylum platyhelminthes. Fasciola hepatica is a parasitic fluke that lives in the liver. The disease caused by the fluke is called fasciolosis or fascioliasis, which is a type of helminthiasis and has been classified as a neglected. It infects the livers of various mammals, including humans. Economically important infections are seen in cattle, sheep, alpacas, and llamas in three forms. However, treatment with triclabendazole is highly effective.
We report three cases that, in spite off presenting with diverse clinical severity, all had good response to treatment. Fasciola hepatica sheep liver fluke phylum platyhelminthe class trematoda fasciola gigantica very rarely infects humans. The disease is a plantborne trematode zoonosis, and is classified as a neglected tropical disease ntd. Fasciola hepatica definition of fasciola hepatica by. Fasciola hepatica, fasciolose, perdas economicas tema central. This study has the purpose to evaluate the effect of triclabendazole over human fasciolasis produced by fasciola hepatica. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Fasciola hepatica fasciola hepatica, also known as the common liver fluke or sheep liver fluke, is a parasitic flatworm of the class trematoda, phylum platyhelminthes that infects the livers of various mammals, including humans.
The trematodes fasciola hepatica also known as the common liver fluke or the sheep liver fluke and fasciola gigantica are large liver flukes f. The aim of this observational study was to assess the prevalence of exposure to f. The disease caused by the fluke is called fascioliasis also kn. Human fascioliasis is a zoonosis produced by the liver fluke fasciola. Fasciolosis is a parasitic worm infection caused by the common liver fluke fasciola hepatica as well as by fasciola gigantica.180 1514 877 245 178 1465 252 1087 1049 1015 701 1375 1064 555 301 453 807 51 627 427 1201 1054 1459 158 1394 277 894 114 1390 825 683 640 1322 1175 699